Description

The most complete and up-to-date program in Respiratory Pathologies in Hospitalized Equine Patients on the online educational market"

This Postgraduate Certificate lays the foundations for a specialization in Equine Hospital Medicine. It defines the logistics and clinical strategy required in a hospital for horses. It addresses various topics, extremely necessary in order to acquire a global idea of how an equine hospital works and to consider the hospitalization of any patient regardless of their main pathology.

It describes the layout of the different facilities and establishes the necessary guidelines for the cleaning and disinfection of different areas in relation to their degree of contamination by the patients treated in each one. Develop specialized knowledge on advanced pharmacology for hospitalized patients. This program establishes the ideal pharmacological guidelines, antibiotherapy and multimodal analgesia applicable to each patient depending on their severity, which differs greatly from the approach used in field clinics.

Due to the severity of the clinical symptoms presented by most hospitalized patients, it is necessary to establish specific guidelines for fluid therapy and nutrition according to the stabilization requirements and metabolic needs of each patient.

Finally, in the first section of the program, the interpretation of blood count, serum biochemistry and blood gas analysis is discussed as it is very important to establish the severity of hospitalized patients. These diagnostic methods will also be key to monitoring the patients during the hospitalization period. 

This Postgraduate Certificate also provides a detailed review of the different pathologies that can affect the respiratory system. It begins with an in-depth explanation of clinical examinations, since there are specific clinical findings that are characteristic of some pathologies which are important to know how to detect. Complementary diagnostic methods that will help us to establish the location and the severity of the injury, will be reviewed. Each of them will be described and images and protocols will be shown so that students can master the techniques and perform them. 

The main respiratory pathologies have been subdivided into anatomical zones to facilitate their understanding and study by students, allowing the creation of a detailed list of possible differential diagnoses for each zone. The topics will also be structured by etiological origin, facilitating the choice of the most suitable treatment in each case.

Join the elite, with this highly effective program and open new paths to help you advance in your professional progress"

This Postgraduate Certificate in Respiratory Pathologies in Hospitalized Equine Patients contains the most complete and up-to-date scientific program on the market. The most important features include:

  • The latest technology in online teaching software
  • A highly visual teaching system, supported by graphic and schematic contents that are easy to assimilate and understand
  • Practical cases presented by practising experts
  • State-of-the-art interactive video systems
  • Teaching supported by telepractice
  • Continuous updating and recycling systems
  • Autonomous learning: full compatibility with other occupations
  • Practical exercises for self-evaluation and learning verification
  • Support groups and educational synergies: questions to the expert, debate and knowledge forums
  • Communication with the teacher and individual reflection work
  • Content that is accessible from any fixed or portable device with an Internet connection
  • Supplementary documentation databases are permanently available, even after the course

A complete educational program that will allow you to acquire the most advanced knowledge in all the areas of intervention of the equine veterinarian"

TECH teaching staff is made up of professionals from different fields related to this specialty. In this way TECH ensures that it delivers the educational up-to-date objectives that it aims for. A multidisciplinary team of professionals, experienced in different fields, will develop the theoretical knowledge in an efficient manner, but, above all, will provide students with practical knowledge based on their own experience: one of the differential qualities of this program.

This mastery of the subject matter is complemented by the effectiveness of the methodological design. Developed by a multidisciplinary team of e-Learning experts, it integrates the latest advances in educational technology. This way, you will be able to study with a range of comfortable and versatile multimedia tools that will give you the operability you need during the program. 

The design of this scientific program is based on Problem-Based Learning: an approach that views learning as a highly practical process. To achieve this remotely, telepractice will be used: with the help of an innovative interactive video system and Learning from an Expert, students will be able to acquire knowledge and skills as if they were facing the scenario they are learning at that moment. A concept that will make it possible to integrate and fix learning in a more realistic and permanent way.

With the experience of working professionals and the analysis of real success stories, in a high-impact educationalapproach"

With a methodological design based on proven teaching techniques, this innovative course will take you through different teaching approaches to allow you to learn in a dynamic and effective way"

Syllabus

The contents have been developed by different experts, with a clear purpose: to ensure that our students acquire each and every one of the skills necessary to become true experts in this field. 

A complete and well-structured program will take you to the highest standards of quality and success.

A comprehensive teaching program, structured in well-developed teaching units, oriented towards learning that is compatible with your personal and professional life"

Module 1. Introduction to Hospital Medicine

1.1. Organization of an Equine Hospital

1.1.1. Facilities

1.1.1.1. Examination Rooms. Diagnostic Rooms. Operating Rooms Induction and Recovery Rooms
1.1.1.2. Types of Hospitalization Rooms Depending on the Pathology
1.1.1.3. Equipment Required in Each Examination Room

1.1.2. Hospital Action and Disinfection Protocols

1.2. Pharmacological Principles in Hospital Clinics

1.2.1. Design of Administration Guidelines
1.2.2. Plasma Concentration Monitoring
1.2.3. Dosage in Renal Failure

1.3. Rational Use of Antibiotics in Hospitals

1.3.1. Prophylactic Use of Antibiotics
1.3.2. Therapeutic Use of Antibiotics
1.3.3. Frequent Bacterial Resistance in Hospitals and Action Protocols

1.4. Pain Relief in Equidae

1.4.1. Detection of Pain in Hospitalized Patients
1.4.2. Multimodal Analgesia

1.4.2.1. NSAIDs
1.4.2.2. Opioids
1.4.2.3. Alpha-2 Agonists
1.4.2.4. Local Anesthetics
1.4.2.5. Ketamine
1.4.2.6. Others

1.4.3. Pain Treatment with Epidural and Perineural Catheters
1.4.4. Complementary Therapies

1.4.4.1. Acupuncture
1.4.4.2. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy
1.4.4.3. Chiropractics
1.4.4.4. Laser Therapy

1.5. Clinical Approach to Hospital Patients

1.5.1. Classification of the Patient Based on the Severity of Clinical Symptoms
1.5.2. Hospitalization Protocol Based on the Severity of Clinical Symptoms
1.5.3. Types of Intravenous Catheter and Uses in Hospitalization
1.5.4. Monitoring Techniques

1.5.4.1. Clinical Review of ICUs, TPRs
1.5.4.2. Hematocrit Proteins
1.5.4.3. Urine Density

1.6. Fundamentals of Fluid Therapy in Hospitalization

1.6.1. Parenteral Fluid Therapy

1.6.1.1. Types of Fluid
1.6.1.2. Infusion Rate

1.6.2. Enteral Rehydration
1.6.3. Synthetic and Natural Colloids
1.6.4. Hemotherapy

1.7. Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition in Hospitalized Patients

1.7.1. Types of Animal Feed
1.7.2. Types of Fodder
1.7.3. Dietary Supplements
1.7.4. Guidelines for Administration in Hospitalized Patients
1.7.5. Total and Partial Parenteral Nutrition

1.8. Hematopoietic System Pathologies

1.8.1. Hemolytic Anemia

1.8.1.1. Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia
1.8.1.2. Equine Infectious Anemia
1.8.1.3. Piroplasmosis
1.8.1.4. Other Causes

1.8.2. Hemorrhagic Anemia

1.8.2.1. Hemoperitoneum and Hemothorax
1.8.2.2. Gastrointestinal Losses
1.8.2.3. Losses From Other Origin

1.8.3. Non-Regenerative Anemias

1.8.3.1. Iron Deficiency Anemia
1.8.3.2. Anemia due to Chronic Inflammation/Infection
1.8.3.3. Aplastic Anemia

1.8.4. Coagulation Disorders

1.8.4.1. Platelet Disorders

1.8.4.1.1. Thrombocytopenia
1.8.4.1.2. Platelet Functional Disorders

1.8.4.2. Disorders of Secondary Hemostasis

1.8.4.2.1. Hereditary
1.8.4.2.2. Acquired

1.8.4.3. Thrombocytosis
1.8.4.4. Lymphoproliferative Disorders
1.8.4.5. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

1.9. Blood Hemogram and Serum Biochemistry of the Hospitalized Patient. Gasometry

1.9.1. Red Blood Cells
1.9.2. White Blood Cells
1.9.3. Serum Biochemistry
1.9.4. Arterial Blood Gases

1.10. Immune System Pathologies in Hospitalized Patients

1.10.1. Hypersensitivity Types
1.10.2. Pathologies Associated with Hypersensitivity

1.10.2.1 Anaphylactic Shock
1.10.2.2 Purpura Haemorrhagica

1.10.3. Autoimmunity
1.10.4. Most Important Immunodeficiencies in Equines

1.10.4.1. Diagnostic Tests
1.10.4.2. Primary Immunodeficiencies
1.10.4.3. Secondary Immunodeficiencies

1.10.5. Immunomodulators

1.10.5.1. Immunostimulants
1.10.5.2. Immunosuppressants

Module 2. Respiratory Pathologies in Hospitalized Patients

2.1. Clinical Assessment of the Respiratory System and Diagnostic Methods

2.1.1. Examination of the Respiratory System
2.1.2. Gasometry
2.1.3. Respiratory Tract Sampling

2.1.3.1. Samples from Nasal Cavity, Pharynx and Guttural Pouches
2.1.3.2. Tracheal Aspiration and Bronchoalveolar Lavage
2.1.3.3. Thoracentesis
2.1.3.4. Pulmonary Biopsy

2.1.4. Endoscopy

2.1.4.1. Static and Dynamic Endoscopy of Upper Airways
2.1.4.2. Sinuscopy
2.1.4.3. Thoracoscopy

2.1.5. Pulmonary Functionality Test
2.1.6. Scintigraphy, CT Scan

2.2. Radiology and Ultrasound of the Respiratory System

2.2.1. Radiology

2.2.1.1. Nasal Cavity, Sinuses and Guttural Pouches
2.2.1.2. Larynx and Trachea
2.2.1.3. Thorax

2.2.2. Ultrasound

2.2.2.1. Ultrasound Techniques
2.2.2.2. Laryngeal Ultrasound
2.2.2.3. Pleural Effusion
2.2.2.4. Atelectasis, Consolidation and Masses
2.2.2.5. Pneumothorax

2.3. Upper Airway Pathologies

2.3.1.  Nasal Cavity Sinus and Guttural Pouch Pathologies
2.3.2. Pharyngeal, Palatal and Laryngeal Pathologies
2.3.3. Tracheal Pathologies

2.4. Specific Diagnostic Evaluation of Lower Airways

2.4.1. Transtracheal Aspirate (TAST)
2.4.2. Broncho-Alveolar Lavage (BAL)
2.4.3. Pulmonary Functionality Test
2.4.4. Gasometry
2.4.5. Thoracic Ultrasound and Radiography

2.5. Lower Airway Inflammatory Pathologies

2.5.1. Equine Asthma
2.5.2. Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage
2.5.3. Pulmonary Edema

2.6. Bacterial and Fungal Infectious Diseases of the Respiratory Tract

2.6.1. Equine Mumps Equine Streptococcus Infection
2.6.2. Bacterial Pneumonia and Pleuropneumonia
2.6.3. Fungal Pneumonia

2.7. Mixed Pneumonia Viral Infectious Diseases of the Respiratory Tract and Tumors

2.7.1. Interstitial Pneumonia and Pulmonary Fibrosis
2.7.2. Equine Herpesvirus I, IV and V
2.7.3. Equine Influenza
2.7.4. Tumors of the Respiratory System

2.8. Chest Wall, Pleura, Mediastinum and Diaphragm Disorders

2.8.1. Rib Fracture, Pneumothorax and Pneumomediastinum
2.8.2. Diaphragmatic Hernia
2.8.3. Pleural Effusion, Hemothorax and Chylothorax
2.8.4. Pleuropneumonia

2.9. Hospitalization of Horses with Respiratory Diseases

2.9.1. Handling and Monitoring
2.9.2. Respiratory Pharmacological Therapy

2.9.2.1. Systemic and Inhaled Antibiotherapy
2.9.2.2. Steroidal and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Medication
2.9.2.3. Bronchodilators and Mucolytics
2.9.2.4. Drugs that Decrease Pulmonary Fibrosis and Pleural Adhesions

2.9.3. Oxygen Therapy
2.9.4. Fluid Therapy and Plasmotherapy
2.9.5. Permanent Pleural Drainage and Thoracotomy

2.10. Cardiorespiratory Evaluation of Sports Performance

2.10.1. Cardiorespiratory Response to Exercise and Training
2.10.2. Parameters and Monitoring Techniques
2.10.3. Stress Test

formacion patologías respiratorias en el paciente equino hospitalizado

A unique, key and decisive training experience to boost your professional development”