Veterinarians must continue their training to adapt to new developments in this field”

Cardiovascular disorders in animals are highly significant because they can affect their quality of life and life expectancy. Advanced knowledge of cardiology is indispensable for large animal veterinarians: ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats), camelids (alpacas, camels and llamas), swine (pigs, wild boars) and equidae (donkeys and mules).

Cardiology in ruminants and swine has been limited, for a long time, due to the limited literature and diagnostic limitations, especially in advanced therapeutic procedures.

Regarding Equidae, a high number of horses are used for sporting purposes and cardiac pathologies limit their capacity and even force the animal to withdraw from competition. This is more evident the more demanding the equine is in terms of sport and cardiovascular effort. The management of food species differs, but it also affects their production capacity.

In recent years, there has been a boom in the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, such as intracardiac electrocardiograms, electrophysiological mapping in arrhythmias, pacemaker implantation and other intracardiac devices that can be implemented in larger species. These advances, which are necessary for an adequate clinical approach, are not available in books.

Therefore, this Postgraduate Certificate offers a comprehensive and well-developed syllabus that addresses advanced cardiology topics, providing detailed descriptions of the different procedures performed depending on the species, as well as a guide for clinical decision-making and patient selection.

This program covers the basics of Cardiology and delves into the most up-to-date and advanced techniques currently available, offering extensive and in-depth content. 

The Postgraduate Certificate in General Cardiology in Large Animals brings together all the detailed information in the different areas of Cardiology at a high and advanced level of specialization and is taught by renowned professors in the field of internal medicine, cardiology and minimally invasive surgery in veterinary medicine.

Don't miss the opportunity to study this Postgraduate Certificate with us. It's the perfect opportunity to advance your career and stand out in an industry with high demand for professionals”

This Postgraduate Certificate in General Cardiology in Large Animals contains the most complete and up-to-date educational program on the market. The most important features of the program include:

  • Development of practical cases presented by experts in General Cardiology in Large Animals
  • The graphic, schematic, and practical contents with which they are created, provide scientific and practical information on the disciplines that are essential for professional practice
  • Latest developments in General Cardiology in Large Animals
  • Practical exercises where self-assessment can be used to improve learning
  • Special emphasis on innovative methodologies in General Cardiology in Large Animals
  • Theoretical lessons, questions to the expert, debate forums on controversial topics, and individual reflection assignments
  • Content that is accessible from any fixed or portable device with an Internet connection

This Postgraduate Certificate is the best investment you can make in the selection of a refresher program to update your knowledge in General Cardiology in Large Animals"

Its multimedia content, developed with the latest educational technology, will provide the professional with situated and contextual learning, i.e. a simulated environment that will provide an immersive education programmed to train in real situations.

This program is designed around Problem Based Learning, whereby the specialist must try to solve the different professional practice situations that arise during the academic year. For this purpose, the professional will be assisted by an innovative interactive video system created by renowned and experienced experts in General Cardiology in Large Animals. 

This training comes with the best didactic material, providing you with a contextual approach that will facilitate your learning"

This 100% online Postgraduate Certificate will allow you to combine your studies with your professional work while increasing your knowledge in this field"


The structure of the contents has been designed by leading professionals in the field of General Cardiology in Large Animals, with extensive experience and recognized prestige in the profession, backed by the volume of cases reviewed, studied and diagnosed, and with extensive knowledge of new technologies applied to veterinary medicine.

This Postgraduate Certificate contains the most complete and up-to-date scientific program on the market” 

Module 1. Structural Cardiac Pathologies in Large Animals: Equidae, Ruminants and Swine

1.1. Congenital Cardiac Alterations I. Ventricular Septal Defect

1.1.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.1.2. Pathophysiology
1.1.3. Diagnosis
1.1.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.1.5. Treatment
1.1.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.2.Congenital Cardiac Disorders II. Tetralogy/Pentalogy of Fallot

1.2.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.2.2. Pathophysiology
1.2.3. Diagnosis
1.2.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.2.5. Treatment
1.2.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.3. Congenital Cardiac Disorders III. Patent Ductus Arteriosus

1.3.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.3.2. Pathophysiology
1.3.3. Diagnosis
1.3.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.3.5. Treatment
1.3.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.4. Congenital Cardiac Disorders IV. Rare Abnormalities

1.4.1. Patent Ductus Arteriosus
1.4.2. Atrial Septal Defect
1.4.3. Atrioventricular Valve Dysplasia
1.4.4. Pulmonary Stenosis.

1.5. Acquired Cardiac Diseases I. Aortic Insufficiency

1.5.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.5.2. Pathophysiology
1.5.3. Diagnosis
1.5.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.5.5. Treatment
1.5.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.6. Acquired Cardiac Diseases II. Mitral Insufficiency

1.6.1.Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.6.2. Pathophysiology
1.6.3. Diagnosis
1.6.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.6.5. Treatment
1.6.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.7. Acquired Cardiac Diseases III. Tricuspid Regurgitation

1.7.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.7.2. Pathophysiology
1.7.3. Diagnosis
1.7.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.7.5. Treatment
1.7.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.8. Acquired Cardiac Diseases IV. Pulmonary Insufficiency and Pulmonary Hypertension

1.8.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.8.2. Pathophysiology
1.8.3. Diagnosis
1.8.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.8.5. Treatment
1.8.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.9. Acquired Cardiac Alterations V. Aorto-Cardiac and Aorto-Pulmonary Fistulas

1.9.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.9.2. Pathophysiology
1.9.3. Diagnosis
1.9.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
1.9.5. Treatment
1.9.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

1.10. Heart Failure

1.10.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
1.10.2. Pathophysiology
1.10.3. Diagnosis
1.10.4. Treatment
1.10.5. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

Module 2. Arrhythmias in Large Animals: Equidae, Ruminants and Swine

2.1. Sinus Rhythm

2.1.1. Features
2.1.2. EKG Recognition

2.2. Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, Bradycardia and Tachycardia Sinus Arrhythmias

2.2.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.2.2. Pathophysiology
2.2.3. Diagnosis
2.2.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.2.5. Treatment
2.2.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.3. Premature Supraventricular Complexes and Atrial Tachycardia

2.3.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.3.2. Pathophysiology
2.3.3. Diagnosis
2.3.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.3.5. Treatment
2.3.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.4. Atrial Fibrillation

2.4.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.4.2. Pathophysiology
2.4.3. Diagnosis
2.4.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.4.5. Treatment
2.4.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.5. Premature Ventricular Complexes and Ventricular Tachycardia

2.5.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.5.2. Pathophysiology
2.5.3. Diagnosis
2.5.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.5.5. Treatment
2.5.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.6. Non-Pathological Conduction Disorders

2.6.1. Sinus Block and Second Degree Atrioventricular Block Definition, Prevalence and Etiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Necessary Complementary Tests Treatment Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.7. Pathological Conduction Disorders

2.7.1. Advanced Second Degree and Third Degree Atrioventricular Block Definition, Prevalence and Etiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Necessary Complementary Tests Treatment Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.7.2. Sick Sinus Syndrome Definition, Prevalence and Etiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Necessary Complementary Tests Treatment Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.8. Supraventricular Beats and Escape Rhythms

2.8.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.8.2. Pathophysiology
2.8.3. Diagnosis
2.8.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.8.5. Treatment
2.8.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.9. Ventricular Beats and Escape Rhythms

2.9.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.9.2. Pathophysiology
2.9.3. Diagnosis
2.9.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.9.5. Treatment
2.9.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

2.10. Accelerated Idioventricular Rhythm and Ventricular Preexcitation Syndrome

2.10.1. Definition, Prevalence and Etiology
2.10.2. Pathophysiology
2.10.3. Diagnosis
2.10.4. Necessary Complementary Tests
2.10.5. Treatment
2.10.6. Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

This program will allow you to comfortably advance in your career"